These are on a huge tree. Many leis are made from these very aromatic flowers. I love them.
Rose pictures at this site were taken at the Rose Gardens at Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis ( Spring 2000),
Most of roses growing today are "Modern Roses" which have been developed after 1867. Before 1867, all cultivated roses belong to "Old Garden Roses" class. 1867 is the year that new hybrid roses were produced by crossing between a hybrid perpetual with a tea rose. This new class of roses bloom repeatedly and abundantly from Spring to Fall and made rose to be the Queen of the Flower Garden!
Many species of grape exist including:
Hybrids also exist, primarily crosses of V. vinifera with one or more varieties of V. labrusca, V. riparia or V. aestivalis. Hybrids tend to be less susceptible to frost and disease (notably phylloxera), but their wine has little of the characteristic "foxy" odor of labrusca.
Currently, a large fraction of the grape crop goes to producing grape juice to be used as a sweetener for fruits canned "with no added sugar" and "100% natural".
Grapes are being extensively researched all over the world as a result of the "French Paradox" contrasting the diets of the French with those of other Western countries, particularly the United States. Despite the fact that the French eat substantially more animal fat, they have a significantly lower incidence of heart disease. Many scientists now believe the reason is the greater consumption of red wine in
Although many people incorrectly assume that red grapes have the most health benefits, the fact is that grapes of all colors have comparable benefits. Red wine has health benefits not found in white wine because many of these compounds are found in the skins of the grapes and only red wine is fermented with the skins.
" Round fruit with firm juicy flesh and green, red or yellow skin when ripe.
" Apples contain a lot of fibers.
" Don't eat wagonloads of appleseeds, each one contains a little bit of cyanide. This is done by the tree in order to spread its seeds. Our bodies and those of animals will more likely excrete the seeds and not digest them when they are a little toxic. The toxic is not digested but you should be careful with the consumption of crushed seeds.
" The vitamin C content of apples depends on what kind of apple it is. Most sorts contain a lot of vitamin C.
" Nutrition Facts
Fruit Nutrition Facts
Fruit comparison tables. Overview of vitamin and mineral content including nutrition charts of the individual fruits.
Lose weight with fruit
This article can be helpful in your efforts to reach your ideal weight in a healthy way. It shows how to gradually obtain your personal ideal weight by eating as much fruit as you like!
Free diet tools for complete nutritional analysis.
Fruit & detoxification of the body
This article describes the detoxification process of the body, stimulants and the slow reaction of your body, it reacts like an oil tanker.
Olives and Olive Oil
This fruit should be a part of everbody's diet.
Read this article and find out about the amazing health benefits of olives and olive oil.
The Energy in fruit - fruit provides clean energy
This article deals with the following subjects related to fruit:
- Water in fruit;
- The burning process & sugar in fruit..
Be sure to select only the best fruits at your local store. There are many different ways to check if a fruit is of good quality and here you can find how.
Take The Tour
Surprise yourself: learn things about fruit you never even thought existed.
The most delicious recipes containing fruit.
Recipes - RecipeZaar: The World's Smartest Cookbook
The Fruit Pages have partnered with RecipeZaar to provide complete nutritional analysis. Over 40.000 recipes with nutrition facts per serving size. Search by course, special diets, country and even "time to make". Ofcourse a large fruit recipe database is available under the ingredient section. According to some an "addictive cooking tool". Go check it out.
Healthy Nutrition - PCRM
The PCRM (Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) describes preventive nutrition and offers a lot of interesting articles about modern nutrition. Latest scientific researches and more. Check out the article about calcium in dairy,
Fruit & Diabetes
Ashley's Diabetes Information Center - A place where you can find Nutritional Information, Restaurant Nutritional links, Diabetes Resources, Medical Centers in your area, carb counting, diabetes symptoms & treatement, Learn about diabetes.
Fruit list sorted by common name. Name, Genus Species and Family. Provided by crfg.org
Fruit online, your link to the fruit business. Fruit-prices, market-analyses, statistics, fruit industry news and business opportunities.
This web site offers information about fruit allergies.
Mark Rieger's Fruit Crop Home Page
Your source of information on the world's major fruit crops.
A series of publications containing information on individual fruits, including botanical identification.
UltimateCitrus.com - The Ultimate Citrus Page
Source for Citrus Information.
National Agricultural Library (NAL)
NAL is a major international source for agriculture and related information.
All about gardening from the
American Diabetes Association
For information about fruit and diabetes.
Dole 5 a day
Teaches the importance of eating five fruits and vegetables every day and provides recipes for kids to try.
The Fruit Game
Funny fruit game.
Fruit of the Loom
North American Fruit Explorers. An organization of amateur growers of fruit and nuts.
UC Fruit &
Department of Pomology
Tropical Fruit Aloha.com
Includes description, history, storage, and uses for tropical fruit.
Fruit and Vegetable Programs
USDA Agricultural Marketing Service
Tropical Fruit Names List
View by scientifical name or common name.
For more information about apples check out the Urban Programs Resource Network of the
The tomato is now grown world-wide for its edible fruits, with thousands of cultivars having been selected with varying fruit types, and for optimum growth in differing growing conditions. Cultivated tomatoes vary in size from 'cherry tomatoes', about the same 1-2 cm size as the wild tomato, up to 'beafsteak' tomatoes 10 cm or more in diameter. The most widely grown commercial tomatoes tend to be in the 5-6 cm diameter range. Most cultivars produce red fruit, but a number of cultivars with yellow fruit are also available. Tomatoes grown for canning are often elongated, 7-9 cm long and 4-5 cm diameter; these are known as 'plum tomatoes'.
It is believed to have been first cultivated in ancient Peru, where several similar wild species still grow. Then about three thousand years ago it was brought to Mexico. It is an offshoot of the Mexican lineage which is thought to be the direct ancestor of the modern cultivated tomato. The pottery of ancient Peruvian city-states do not appear to mention the tomato, this has led some botanists to conclude that the first cultivation of the tomato was done in
In the 16th and 17th centuries, many Europeans believed tomatoes were poisonous because of the plant's relationship to nightshade, although they were grown as ornamental plants in gardens. Tomato leaves and stems are indeed poisonous but the fruit is safe.
The first traces of use of tomato as food in
In 1809, Nicolas Appert, a chef from Paris, published L'art de conserver les substances alimentaires d'origine animale et végétale pour plusieurs années, a book on food conservation where he deals with preserving tomatoes.
Young tomato plants in a garden
In the United States, Thomas Jefferson was a pioneer in growing tomatoes. Beginning in 1809, he had large ribbed "Spanish" tomatoes cultivated on his plantation. Jefferson's daughters left numerous recipes that involved tomatoes, including gumbo soups, cayenne-spiced tomato soup, green tomato pickles, tomato preserves, and tomato omelettes. Tomatoes were purchased in 1806 for Presidential dinners.
A story that is still widely cited is that the lingering doubts about the safety of the tomato in the United States were largely put to rest in 1820, when Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson announced that at noon on September 28, he would eat a basket of tomatoes in front of the Salem, New Jersey courthouse. Reportedly, a crowd of more than 2,000 persons gathered in front of the courthouse to watch the poor man die after eating the poisonous fruits, and were shocked when he lived. Many historians however doubt that this event ever happened.
Tomatoes on a vine
Tomatoes are now eaten freely throughout the world. Today, their consumption is believed to benefit the heart. Lycopene, one of nature's most powerful antioxidants, is present in tomatoes and has been found to be beneficial in preventing prostate cancer, among other things.
Botanically a fruit, the tomato is generally thought of and used as a vegetable: it's more likely to be part of a sauce or a salad than eaten whole as a snack, let alone as part of a dessert (though, depending on the variety, they can be quite sweet, especially roasted).
Tomatoes are used extensively in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines, especially Italian ones. The tomato has an acidic property that is used to bring out other flavors. This same acidity makes tomatoes especially easy to preserve in home canning as tomato sauce or paste. Tomato juice is often canned and sold as a beverage. Unripe green tomatoes can also be used to make salsa, be breaded and fried, or pickled.
The town of Buñol, Spain annually celebrates La Tomatina, a festival centered on an enormous tomato fight. Tomatoes are also a popular "non-lethal" throwing weapon in mass protests, and there is a common tradition of throwing rotten tomatoes at bad actors or singers on a stage.
The tomato was originally described scientifically in 1753 by Carolus Linnaeus in the genus Solanum as Solanum lycopersicum L. (derivation, 'lycopersicum', "wolf-peach"). Later, in 1768, Philip Miller contended that it was sufficiently distinct from other Solanum species to be given its own genus, so he named it Lycopersicon esculentum. This name, though widely used, is in breach of the plant naming rules, as he failed to use Linnaeus' species name; this oversight was corrected by Hermann Karsten who published the combination Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst. in 1881.
However, modern genetic evidence has now shown that Linnaeus was correct, and Miller wrong, in the correct generic placement of the tomato; it is fully within the range of genetic variation found in the genus Solanum. Therefore, Linnaeus' original name has been restored for the species.
Botanically speaking a tomato is the ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. This would mean that technically it would be considered a fruit. However, from a culinary perspective the tomato is typically served as or part of a main course of a meal, meaning that it would be considered a vegetable. This argument has led to actual legal implications in the
Heirloom tomato varieties
The pronunciation of tomato differs in different English speaking countries; it can either be pronounced to-MAY-toe or to-MAA-toe. The difference is inherent in the dialects, British English and Commonwealth English speakers typically saying to-MAA-toe, while American English speakers have a tendency to say to-MAY-toe. The word's multiple pronunciations were immortalized in song in Gershwin's 1937 song, Let's Call the Whole Thing Off (You say to-may-to and I say to-mah-to / you say po-tay-to and I say po-tah-to), and have become a symbol for nitpicking pronunciation disputes. In this capacity it has even become an American slang term, saying "to-may-toe, to-maa-toe" when presented with two choices can mean "what's the big deal, there's no real difference.".
Tomatoes on vine
Tomatoes are often picked unripe, and ripened in storage with ethylene. Ethylene is the plant hormone produced by many fruits and acts as the cue to begin the ripening process. These tend to keep longer, but have poorer flavor and a mealier, starchier texture than tomatoes ripened on the plant. They may be recognized by their color, which is more pink or orange than the ripe tomato's deep red.
Recently, stores have begun selling "tomatoes on the vine" which are ripened still connected to a piece of vine. These tend to have more flavor (at a price premium) than artificially-ripened tomatoes, but still may not be the equal of local garden produce.
Also relatively recently, slow-ripening cultivars of tomato have been developed by crossing a non-ripening variety with ordinary tomato cultivars. Cultivars were selected whose fruits have a long shelf life and at least reasonable flavor.
The best storage temperature for tomatoes remains disputed, with a wide range of temperatures from 6°C to 18°C cited by different sources; temperatures below 12.5°C are reported by some sources to cause loss of flavor or other damage, with others stating that low temperatures improve storage time.
The heaviest tomato ever was one of 3.51 kg (7 lb 12 oz), of the cultivar 'Delicious', grown by Gordon Graham of
The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family, native to South and Central America. It is an annual plant, typically growing to 1-3 m long, with a weakly woody stem that usually scrambles over other plants. The leaves are 10-25 cm long, pinnate, with 5-9 leaflets, each leaflet up to 8 cm long, with a serrated margin; both the stem and leaves are densely glandular-hairy. The flowers are 1-2 cm across, yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla; they are borne in a cyme of 3-12 together. The fruit is an edible, brightly coloured (usually red, from the pigment lycopene) berry, 1-2 cm diameter in wild plants, commonly much larger in cultivated forms.
Orange cultivation is a major business and an important part of the economies of the US states of Florida and California, many Mediterranean countries, Romania, South Africa, China, and the Riverina district around the Murray River in Australia.
Other products made from oranges include:
All citrus trees are of the single genus Citrus, and remain largely interbreedable; that is, there is only one "superspecies" which includes lemons, limes and oranges. Nevertheless, names have been given to the various members of the citrus family, oranges often being referred to as Citrus sinensis and Citrus aurantium. All members of the genus Citrus are considered berries because they have many seeds, are fleshy, soft and derive from a single ovary.
A number of cultivars are now cultivated around the world. The sweet orange was first grown in Spain, and has become the most popular variety. The sweet orange will grow to different sizes and colors according to local conditions, most commonly with ten carpels, or slices, inside.
A single mutation in 1820 in an orchard of sweet oranges planted at a monastery in Brazil led to the navel orange, also known as the
The blood orange has streaks of red in the fruit, and the juice is often reddish. The mandarin orange is similar, but smaller and sweeter, and the scarlet navel is a variety with the same diploid mutation as the navel orange.
Orange derives from Sanskrit nāraṅgaḥ "orange tree", with borrowings through Persian nārang, Arabic nāranj, Spanish naranja, Late Latin arangia, Italian arancia or arancio, and Old French orenge, in chronological order. The first appearance in English dates from the 14th century. The name of the colour is derived from the fruit, first appearing in this sense in the 16th century.